mafia Bedeutung, Definition mafia: 1. a criminal organization that began in Sicily and is active in Italy and the US 2. a close group. the Mob (Amer.) - Mafia. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Mafia" – Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Englisch-Übersetzungen.
Deutsch-Englisch-Wörterbuchmafia Bedeutung, Definition mafia: 1. a criminal organization that began in Sicily and is active in Italy and the US 2. a close group. Übersetzung für 'Mafia' im kostenlosen Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Deutsch-Englisch-Übersetzungen für Mafia im Online-Wörterbuch fluidsolutions-a.com (Englischwörterbuch).
Mafia Englisch Navigation menu VideosimpliTV Spot Mafia Directors 40sec HD - Englisch mit UT Mafia auch: Maffia. die Mafia Pl.: die Mafias. the Mob (Amer.) - Mafia. good fellas (Amer.) [sl.].
A mafia is a type of organized crime syndicate whose primary activities are protection racketeering , arbitrating disputes between criminals , and brokering and enforcing illegal agreements and transactions.
Mafias often engage in secondary activities such as gambling , loan sharking , drug-trafficking , prostitution , and fraud.
The term "mafia" was originally applied only to the Sicilian Mafia and originates in Sicily , but it has since expanded to encompass other organizations of similar methods and purpose, e.
The term is applied informally by the press and public; the criminal organizations themselves have their own terms e. When used alone and without any qualifier, "Mafia" or "the Mafia" typically refers to either the Sicilian Mafia or the American Mafia and sometimes Italian organized crime in general e.
In reference to a man, mafiusu mafioso in Italian in 19th century Sicily signified "fearless", "enterprising", and "proud", according to scholar Diego Gambetta.
Because Sicily was once an Islamic emirate from to , mafia may have come to Sicilian through Arabic , though the word's origins are uncertain.
Possible Arabic roots of the word include:. Soon after, the use of the term "mafia" began appearing in the Italian state's early reports on the phenomenon.
The term "mafia" was never officially used by Sicilian mafiosi, who prefer to refer to their organization as " Cosa Nostra ". Nevertheless, it is typically by comparison to the groups and families that comprise the Sicilian Mafia that other criminal groups are given the label.
Giovanni Falcone , an anti-Mafia judge murdered by the Sicilian Mafia in , objected to the conflation of the term "Mafia" with organized crime in general:.
While there was a time when people were reluctant to pronounce the word "Mafia" I am no longer willing to accept the habit of speaking of the Mafia in descriptive and all-inclusive terms that make it possible to stack up phenomena that are indeed related to the field of organized crime but that have little or nothing in common with the Mafia.
Scholars such as Diego Gambetta  and Leopoldo Franchetti have characterized the Sicilian Mafia as a "cartel of private protection firms", whose primary business is protection racketeering : they use their fearsome reputation for violence to deter people from swindling, robbing, or competing with those who pay them for protection.
For many businessmen in Sicily, they provide an essential service when they cannot rely on the police and judiciary to enforce their contracts and protect their properties from thieves this is often because they are engaged in black market deals.
The [Sicilian] mafia's principal activities are settling disputes among other criminals, protecting them against each other's cheating, and organizing and overseeing illicit agreements, often involving many agents, such as illicit cartel agreements in otherwise legal industries.
Scholars have observed that many other societies around the world have criminal organizations of their own that provide essentially the same protection service through similar methods.
For instance, in Russia after the collapse of Communism, the state security system had all but collapsed, forcing businessmen to hire criminal gangs to enforce their contracts and protect their properties from thieves.
These gangs are popularly called "the Russian Mafia" by foreigners, but they prefer to go by the term krysha.
With the [Russian] state in collapse and the security forces overwhelmed and unable to police contract law, [ In his analysis of the Sicilian Mafia, Gambetta provided the following hypothetical scenario to illustrate the Mafia's function in the Sicilian economy.
Suppose a grocer wants to buy meat from a butcher without paying sales tax to the government. Because this is a black market deal, neither party can take the other to court if the other cheats.
The grocer is afraid that the butcher will sell him rotten meat. The butcher is afraid that the grocer will not pay him.
If the butcher and the grocer can't get over their mistrust and refuse to trade, they would both miss out on an opportunity for profit.
Their solution is to ask the local mafioso to oversee the transaction, in exchange for a fee proportional to the value of the transaction but below the legal tax.
If the butcher cheats the grocer by selling rotten meat, the mafioso will punish the butcher. There were many Irish and Italian criminal groups in the city who would steal, extort and murder for money.
These groups were known all-together as "the Black Hand" but they did not actually work as one group called "the Black Hand"; there were many groups and they each worked on their own and the term "Black Hand" actually was the name of what these gangs did extortion , not their names.
In alcohol or liquor was made illegal in the US and the gangs had a new way to make money. They brought in illegal liquor from Canada and sold it in clubs.
They bribed police into letting them sell liquor which is also illegal and made millions of dollars from this because they were the only ones who had liquor and so could sell it at extremely high prices.
Around this time the gangs in New York became one large gang the Mafia as leaders of the gangs realized that more money could be made if all the gangs worked together.
A man named Giuseppe Masseria and a man named Salvatore Maranzano both wanted to become the boss of the newly made New York mafia.
Fighting, known as the "Castellammarese War", broke out between the two men and many of their soldiers were killed.
Giuseppe Masseria's underboss was a man named Lucky Luciano who also wanted to control the New York mafia. He met with Masseria's enemy Salvatore Maranzano and plotted to kill Masseria, his own boss.
Masseria was shot to death in a restaurant in New York by Maranzano's soldiers; one of them was Vito Genovese - a man who would later become boss - this was also the end of the "Castellammarese War".
He called a meeting with the other "mafiosi" plural : Italian language for Mafia members from all over the US and made the rules that are still used today.
The bosses of the five families, particularly Luciano, began to grow tired of Maranzano's arrogance and the way he ran the mafia.
Maranzano realized this and planned to have Luciano and his "consigliere" and "underboss", Vito Genovese and Frank Costello , as well as others, killed.
Maranzano did not act quickly enough and was killed by men dressed as police officers , on the orders of Luciano and his friend, a Jewish gangster from Florida named Meyer Lansky.
Luciano then became the head of the New York mafia, but not in the way Maranzano was; he helped the five families run their business but he did not control them or call himself the "boss of bosses".
The five families were kept. The Profaci family named after the first boss Joseph Profaci went on to become named the Colombo crime family after a later boss, Joseph Colombo.
The Mangano family named after the first boss Vincent Mangano went on to become named the Gambino crime family after a later boss, Carlo Gambino.
The Gagliano family named after the first boss Thomas Gagliano went on to become named the Lucchese crime family after a later boss, Gaetano Lucchese.
Frank Costello became the boss of Luciano's old family which later went on to become named the Genovese crime family after Vito Genovese became the boss and tried to kill Frank Costello.
The Bonanno family named after the first boss Joseph Bonanno kept its name as Joseph Bonanno was the boss for a very long time.
A chart of the bosses of the five families of New York since the "Castellammarese War" would look like this:. Genovese crime family. Many movies have been made about the mafia, particularly the American Mafia.
Here are some of the most popular movies about American gangsters. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
BBC News. Retrieved 19 July
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